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Showing posts from 2023

Monsoon’s Farewell Act- Empowering Tobacco Farmers

  This year Monsoon has been severely affected by EL Nino, with a large deficiency of rainfall causing a significant loss to Indian agriculture. Sowing of tobacco has been delayed in many regions of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Tobacco nurseries in Karnataka had also witnessed inadequate rainfalls. After the August dry spell, these regions are seen experiencing light-moderate rains in the month of September, which brings some relief to the tobacco farmers. Let us review the weather outlook of these tobacco growing regions for rest of the month . Fig 1: Satellite image Fig 2: Forecast Map The monsoon is expected to show its impact in upcoming days over southern regions of the country, includes Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana and Kerala. The tobacco growing regions in Andhra Pradesh starting with East Godavari is marked with a 7-10mm normal rainfall, and is forecast with an average 14-20mm light-moderate rainfall, during next 10 days. Kakinada is noted with 2-6mm deficient rain

Pollution is Back– Stop Burning Parali

  Farmers of Punjab and Haryana have started to burn the stubbles in their fields, to prepare them for the next crop. The National capital region is once again distressed about its breath fighting situation, during winters. When the parali are burned, dangerous chemicals like carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere, causing severe air pollution resulting in increase in concentration of greenhouse gases and leads to damage of ozone layer. It is also harmful to mankind, since it causes a variety of health problems, from skin infections to eye discomfort, and effects soil too by burning and destroy its vital nutrients. The National Green Tribunal has banned the act of burning stubble, as is causes extreme air pollution in the surrounding regions. In its 2018 decision, the NGT mandated that farmers will be fined with rupees 2500/- and 5000/- for burning parali on 2-5 acres and more than 5 acres respectively. Despite of this ban, farmers are still practicing the

Climax Scenes of Monsoon - Weather Outlook for Next 10 days

This year Monsoon has been severely affected by EL Nino, with a large deficiency of rainfall causing a significant loss to the agricultural industry. After the August dry spell, nation got to witness some comforting downpours in the month of September. These unseasonal excessive rains have affected some crops like soybean, guar and moong. On the other hand, it is benefiting some farmers who had sown their crops late. Let us review the weather forecast for the final days of Monsoon, this 2023 .                     Weather Forecast: 20 Sep 2023 - 26 Sep 2023 A cyclonic circulation with a Low-Pressure Area is lying over Northwest of BOB, which is moving to its northwest direction, and is expected to hit Odisha-Jharkhand in next 2 days. This system is likely to cause isolated very heavy rainfall over Odisha for next 2-3 days. Farmers are advised to maintain proper drainage channels and remove excess water from the paddy fields. Light- moderate rain with thunderstorms and lightening is al

September Showers- Bringing Hope to the Soybean Farmers

A shadow of worry descended on farmers of soybean as a prolonged brutal drought has affected soybean crop, leaving them parched for moisture. The dry spell had an irreplaceable damage on soybean crops, by affecting their growth and production. Madhya Pradesh being the highest producer of Soybean in the country, has faced up to 50% loss from the early sown crop. Excess heat and prolonged droughts have led to discoloration of the leaves and reduced quality of the seeds. Apart from the deficient rainfalls, soybean crop is also damaged by Yellow Mosaic Virus, which is a severe disease. Pest like semi looper and tobacco caterpillar are also a serious problem in soybean crop. However, September month has witnessed a light-moderate rainfall over soybean growing regions, which is a great relief to the soybean farmers who had sown late but will delay the harvest and decrease the quality of pod. Sowing area: This year, sowing area of soybean has increased by 1.3%, sown in total of 125.57 lakh h


  A well-marked low-pressure area has been created over north Odisha and Chhattisgarh and in next 24 hours it will start moving towards Madhya Pradesh and hit South-western Gujarat. Currently there is heavy rains over Odisha and Chhattisgarh for 2 days and will gradually decrease. Good for paddy crops. A western disturbance has been predicted to hit over the Himalayas which will bring moderate rains to Jammu Kashmir, Punjab, Gilgit Baltistan, Muzzafarabad, Ladakh and Uttarakhand in the upcoming days. For next 3-4 days, moderate rains will occur over West and Central Uttar Pradesh on the districts like Moradabad, Shamli, Amroha, Budan, Lakhimpur kheri, Hardoi etc, whereas less rains will be there over Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Good for standing paddy crops. Heavy rains are predicted over Southeastern Rajasthan like Barmer, Sawai Madhopur, Dausa, Jodhpur, Churu, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Pali, Tonk, Jalore etc. for next 3 days. Very Helpful for Pulses and Guar crop in Rajasthan. After 2-3 d

Late Season Monsoon-Bringing Smile on Farmer's Face

  Image source: The Cyclonic Circulation moving towards Odisha, forecast very heavy rains over Odisha, and moderate rainfalls in adjoining regions Gangetic West-Bengal and Coastal Andhra Pradesh.   Paddy Farmers in Odisha must uptake some serious drainage practices, removing excess water from the field,   by keeping drain end open as there is possibility of submerged situation in low land. There may be chance of Wilting and Root rot in vegetable like Tomato, Chilli and Brinjal due to heavy rains. Madhya Pradesh may see moderate showers for rest of the season, sudden wilt in Cotton could happen. Soybean farmers in MP are advised to harvest the early maturing varieties immediately after the 90% pods have turned yellow. Bihar is anticipated to receive light-moderate rainfalls in some regions, but it might receive less widespread rains. Sowing of September sown Arhar varieties like Pusa -9, Sharad etc. with seed rate 25-30 kg/ha is advised for pulse f

Projection of Rainfall Forecast & Cyclone Probability in India during September-October 2023

  Fig 1: Rainfall forecast for next 4 weeks Ø   The cyclonic system is lying in Central Odisha and the regions adjoining Chattisgarh. Ø   There is a high probability that this cyclonic system moves into the Central India i.e., Central parts of Madhya Pradesh in coming 2 days. Ø   As a result, there are high chances of heavy rains in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Bihar and Chattisgarh. Ø   Moderate to heavy widespread rains are expected in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Coastal Karnataka, some parts of Kerala,Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in next 5-6 days. Ø   From September 15-21, there is probability of the cyclonic system moving towards Bay of Bengal. Ø   This system over BOB may lead to heavy rainfall in West Bengal, coastal areas of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, some regions of Telangana. Ø   BySeptember 20-21, the cyclonic system is expected to move into the southcentral region, towards Maharashtra from BOB. Ø   This system may

Welcome Relief for Farmers of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka

  The cyclonic circulation which has created  a low-pressure area at Bay of Bengal  has resulted in heavy rains over Odisha and Chhattisgarh. This Cyclonic circulation will move towards  Madhya Pradesh and will recurve from its path . Due to this cyclonic circulation in central India, heavy rains have been predicted over Madhya Pradesh for next 2 days benefitting Soybean crop. As the Cyclonic circulation is taking a recurve, there will be moderate rain in the neighboring districts of Eastern Rajasthan- Alwar, bharatpur, Deeg, Sambhar, Hindaun, Gangapur and adjoining districts. Benefit for Guar and cotton crop.  There will be moderate rains in certain districts of Maharashtra- Valsad, Pachora Jalgaon, Dhule, Surat and nearby Districts for initial 2 days. But very heavy rainfall is likely to occur over Nandurbar, Dondaicha, Aichale, Aurangabad, Paithan, Gangapur, Hasnapur and adjoining districts from September 8

Rejuvenation of Monsoon: Brings back hope for farmers

  The development of EL Nino has created a weak Southwest Monsoon for India this year, causing near heat waves conditions in Aug.    It affected Agriculture by increased evapotranspiration and reduced soil moisture. High day temperatures wilted already sown crops and delayed sowing of crops awaiting good rains.    EL Nino has affected Tobacco sowing and cultivation this year. In Andhra Pradesh, tobacco is sown in the months of Aug-Sep, and in Karnataka, from April-May. The deficient rainfalls have caused delayed sowing in Andhra Pradesh, and affecting the nurseries of tobacco in Karnataka. However cyclonic circulation in the Bay of Bengal is bringing in some ray of hope. In Andhra Pradesh, districts such as East Godavari, Kakinada, Eluru, Prakasam and Nellore may get welcome showers, if the Low Pressure Area in Bay of Bengal persists.   Rainfall forecast for next 6 days in tobacco growing regions are likely to be as under:


  Tur crop grows over 150-180 days and is harvested only in December-January. It is mostly cultivated as an inter-crop with soyabean, cotton and even moong and urad. Farmers who inter-crop tur with soyabean would typically sow both after mid-June with the onset of the monsoon. It is a largely rain- fed  crop, with hardly 8% of its total area coming under irrigation. Its relatively long duration of 5-6 months requires at least a couple of good showers. As Northwest India reels under excess rain, the situation is quite the opposite in the two major pulses-growing states of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Impact of deficient rainfall The overall shortfall in pulses area is a result of cumulative rainfall during the ongoing monsoon season from June 1 to July 11 being 23% below the historical normal average for this period in Maharashtra, 26.2% in Karnataka and 30.9% in Telangana. This is as against a rainfall surplus of 155.4% recorded by Rajasthan during this period. Within pulses, the real ac