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Final Monsoon Showers Benefiting Farmers over Southern India


As this year’s monsoon is affected by EL Nino, India has received deficient rainfalls over many regions, including South Indian states like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamilnadu etc. Crops like paddy, Maize, cotton, groundnut and pulses had been severely affected due to the deficient rains, across many regions of these states. After the August dry spell, September month had brought some welcoming monsoon showers, with relieving light-moderate rainfalls. The monsoon is expected to last over these regions for one more week. 

Rainfall Forecast and Agri Advisory to Farmers:

Fig 1: AP Rainfall Forecast Map

Andhra Pradesh:

  • Coastal Andhra regions Vizag, Anakapalli, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, konaseema, yanam, East. Godavari, West. Godavari etc., are likely to receive light-moderate rainfall for next 4-5 days.
  • Vijayawada, Palnadu, Guntur, Prakasam, Eluru, Rajahmundry, Kakinada, Krishna, Bapatla, are also expected to receive light-moderate showers during next 2-3 days.
  • Southern regions like Chittoor, Nellore, Nandyala, Kurnool, kadapa, Anantapur, sri Satya sai, Tirupati, Annamayya, Chittoor are forecast with moderate-heavy rainfall from 29th September- 2nd October.
  • Farmers who are sowing paddy nurseries are advised to treat the seeds with carbendizem @ 3 g/kg seed followed by shade drying for 24 hours before sowing.
  • Provide drainage facility to the nursery field and avoid fertilizer application or any kind of spray.
  • Maintain proper drainage in the cotton fields and postpone pesticide spraying and fertilizer application. 

Fig 2: Telangana Rainfall Forecast Map


  • Thunderstorm accompanied with lightning very likely to occur at isolated places over Telangana during next five days.
  • light to moderate rains may occur at many places over different parts of the state during next five days.
  • Districts like Adilabad, Nirmal, Jagital, Nizamabad, Peddapalli etc., are forecst with moderate-heavy rainfalls.
  • Farmers are advised to apply 50kg Urea + 17 kg Muriate of Potash per acre as top dressing at tasseling stage under moist conditions in maize crop by pocketing method.
  • In case of incidence of Fall Army Worm is observed in maize, spray Chlorantriniliprole @ 0.4 ml or Spinotorum @ 0.5 ml per liter of water inside the whorls.
  • Incidence of Thrips may occur in chillies and to control, spray Acephate @ 1.5g or Fipronil @ 2 ml or Thiamethoxam @ 0.3g or Diafenthiuron @ 1 g per liter of water.

Fig 3: Tamil Nadu Rainfall Forecast Map


  • Northern regions of Tamil Nadu are expected to receive light to moderate widespread towidespread heavy rainfall for next 3-4 days.
  • Districts like Chennai, Tiruvallur, Chengalpet, Kanchipuram, Vellore are expected to receive moderate-heavy showers for the rest of the month.
  • Ranipet, Tirupathur, Krishnagiri, Tiruvannamalai and Villupuram are also very much likely to receive moderate-heavy rainfalls from September 28- 30.
  • Maize growing farmers are suggested to apply neem cake @ 250 kg/ha in case of fall army worm infection, and Seed treatment with cyantraniliprole 19.8% + thiamethoxam 19.8 FS @ 4.0 ml/kg seed.
  • Border cropping with gingelly or cowpea or sorghum will be beneficial.
  • Banana farmers are recommended to provide support to five months and above old banana plants, to prevent them falling down. 


  • A Cyclonic Circulation is emerging in the Southern Peninsula, due to which Coastal Karnataka and interior Karnataka regions along with Kerala are likely to receive moderate-heavy widespread isolated rainfalls for next 4-5 days.
  • Districts like Udipi, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada is very much likely to receive heavy rainfalls for upcoming 3-4 days.
  • Belgaum, Bijapur, Bidar, Dharwad etc., are also expected to receive moderate-heavy rainfalls.
  • Farmers can take up spraying of insecticide or herbicide to the crops in the times of clear sky during daytime.
  • For control of fall army worm in Maize, Install 10 pheromone traps per hectare and spray Emamectin benzoate @ 0.2 g per liter of water.
  • Tie up the leaves of sugarcane (Propping) to withstand high wind speed effect in field.
  • Harvest early sown sunflower crop, and store properly by covering them up.

Fig 4: Kerala Rainfall Forecast Map


  • Coastal districts of Kerala like Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Malappuram, Kannur etc., are forecasted with light- moderate widespread heavy rains for next 4-5 days.  
  • Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode are also expected to receive moderate rainfalls during the upcoming week.
  • Farmers are advised to prepare Spinosad @ 4ml/litre of water as a control measure against Red Palm weevil and fill in the holes on the trunks and axils of the second and third whirls of leaves, from the spindle leaf.
  • In Pepper, Open the topsoil. Spraying Bordeaux mixture 1.0% and drench copper oxy chloride 4g/litre at monthly intervals prevents phytophthora infections in pepper.
  • In rubber, to protect young leaves of budded seedlings from leaf shedding due to fungal diseases, spray a solution of copper oxy chloride 4g in 1 litre of water.

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