TECHNOLOGY IS ONLY SAVIOUR FOR FARMERS FROM CLIAMTE CHANGE CHALLENGES
The accelerating pace of climate change, combined with global population and income growth, threatens food security and agriculture everywhere. Agriculture is extremely vulnerable to climate change. Higher temperatures eventually reduce yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Pest’s management become less effective, heat waves can cause extreme heat stress in crops, which can limit yields.
If we look at 2021 monsoon, we witnessed erratic and extreme rainfall events. July & August were unusually dry threatening early stages of crop growth followed by unusually wet September causing flash floods in many areas causing widespread damage to standing crops. Intra monsoon precipitation variations caused by climate change is here to stay and will continue to cause disruptions in Indian agriculture.
Since June this year, Maharashtra has received 1,129.3 mm of rainfall, significantly above the average of 1,036.3 mm it usually receives in this period. This has created havoc in 10 districts in the state’s western and northeastern regions. As of this time, about 1.23 lakh hectares of kharif crop have been destroyed. The damage to crops amounts to about one per cent of the state’s total kharif crop, planted on about 141.98 lakh hectares.
BKC’s in-house instrumentation for precision farming as well as a weather-based decision support system that can auto-generate advisories and customizable bulletins.
- metGIS is a measure tool that display the AWS data (Temp, RH, Wind, Pressure, Cloud cover or sunshine, radiation, ET, Soil Moisture, Soil Temp, etc.), NWP models, satellite images together or separately in layers in WMO defined formats.
- Crop Calendars and an interface and library of algorithms for crop and disease forecasting.